India Vision 2020 was initially a documanet prepared by TIFAC under the chairmanship of Dr.A.P.J.Abdul kalam and a team of 500 experts. Dr.Kalam further gave shape to this concept through his seminal work along with Dr.Y.S.Rajan – “ India 2020 : Vision for thenewmillennium.Dr.Kalam in one of his speeches elaborates the concept :“Transforming the nation into a developed country, five areas in combination have been identified based on India’s core competence, natural resources and talented manpower for integrated action to double the growth rate of GDP and realize the Vision of Developed India.
*Agriculture and food processing
*Infrastructure with reliable and quality electric power
*Education and Healthcare:
*Information and Communication Technology:
*Critical technologies and strategic industries
Speech delivered by Dr.Kalam at Hyderabad about 2020:
I have three visions for India.
ONE: Twenty years I spent in ISRO. I was given the opportunity to be the project director for India ‘s first satellite launch vehicle, SLV3. The one that launched Rohini. These years played a very important role in my life of Scientist.
TWO: After my ISRO years, i joined DRDO and got a chance to be the part of India ‘s guided missile program. It was my second bliss when Agni met its mission requirements in 1994.
THREE: The Dept. of Atomic Energy and DRDO had this tremendous partnership in the recent nuclear tests, on May 11 and 13. This was the third bliss. The joy of participating with my team in these nuclear tests and proving to the world that India can make it.That we are no longer a developing nation but one of them. It made me feel very proud as an Indian. The fact that we have now developed for Agni a re-entry structure, for which we have developed this new material. A Very light material called carbon-carbon.
FOUR: One day an orthopaedic surgeon from Nizam institute of Medical Sciences visited my laboratory. He lifted the material and found it so light that he took me to his hospital and showed me his patients. There were these little girls and boys with heavy metallic calipers weighing over three Kgs.each, dragging their feet around. He said to me: Please remove the pain of my patients. In three weeks, we made these Floor reaction Orthosis 300 gram calipers and took them to the orthopaedic center. The children didn’t believe their eyes. From dragging around a three kg. load on their legs, they could now move around! Their parents had tears in their eyes. That was my forth bliss!
Why is the media here so negative? Why are we in India so embarrassed to recognize our own strengths, our achievements? We are such a great nation. We have so many amazing success stories but we refuse to acknowledge them. Why? We are thesecond largest producer of wheat in the world. We are the second largest producers in rice. We are the first in milk production. We are number one in Remote sensing satellites. Look at Dr. Sudarshan, he has transferred the tribal village into a self-sustaining, self-driving unit. There are millions of such achievements but our media is only obsessed with the bad news and failures and disasters. I was in Tel Aviv once and I was reading the Israeli newspaper. It was the day after a lot of attacks and bombardments and deaths had taken place. The Hamas had struck. But the front page of the newspaper had the picture of a Jewish gentleman who in five years had transformed his desert land into an orchid and a granary. It was this inspiring picture that everyone woke up to. The gory details of killings,bombardments, deaths, were inside in the newspaper, buried among other news.In India we only read about death, sickness, terrorism, crime. Why are we so negative? Another question: Why are we, as a nation so obsessed with foreign things? we want foreign TVs, we want foreign shirts. We want foreign technology. Why this obsession with everything imported? Do we not realize that self-respect comes with self-reliance? I was in Hyderabad giving this lecture, when a 14 year old girl asked me for my autograph. I asked her what her goal in life is: She replied: “I want to live in a developed India .” For her, you and I will have to built this developed India . You must proclaim. As an aside from yours truly: India is not an under-developed nation; it is a highly developed nation in an advanced state of decay!!!!!
[Dr. Kalam’s speech at hydrabad:][/source]
Dr:APJ Abdul Kalam have the view that where should be India by 2020.What would be the position of India in world. I strongly believe that the coming years will be of India, India will become the most powerful and developed nations in the world. The reasons are
19th century was for the Europe, the ruled the world.
20th century was for the US. but I believe 21st century is for ASIA. Especially for INDIA and CHINA. We can become the most powerful nation if we work hard…
But still many problems are there, many obstacles!!
We have to overcome that…
We won’t fear because we have a great leader Dr. Kalam his visions , his inspiring speeches…
our great culture , and
We are now facing many problems, they are listed below and my ways to solve them
The main obstacle for the development is terrorism. About 20 or more bomb blasts, attacks happens in India every year. The recent Mumbai blast 26/11 killed many, destroyed social life, made fear to tourists. The courts in India are very poor. The trail of the 1993 bomb blasts are still continuing in court even after 16 years.
As the chairman of planning coming commission I will try to make special courts for these kinds of cases in 4 zones.
I will make laws more strong laws as the VIPs are involved in many criminal and terrorism issues. I will try to make laws that no one with high criminal backgrounds cannot be a candidate in elections.
With these cases the internal issues like the public nuisance like destroying public properties like buses, gardens, government offices etc has to be stopped.
So as the existing laws are not sufficient, I’ll try to take these cases as some kind terrorism and the accused has to pay high fines and imprisonment if needed.
The internal security of India will be doubled by 2020.think that after 11 sep: 2001 no terrorists attacks are reported in America. Because the made their security more tight. So we will distribute good weapons to police, make each reserve battalions in each stare. Make NSG zone wise offices in Chennai, Mumbai, Kolkotta. I’ll will make more armed forces inn north eastern parts of India, as terrorism is more in that area. Make an aeroplane and helicopters ready for 24/7 for NSG in nearest airports to the Headquarters.
The security of the airports, railways, coasts will doubled, but it won’t affect the enjoyment of travelers.
.I’ll establish a 24/7 helpline for the public to inform any doubts on terrorism.
2.The life of a nation lies on the food and agriculture.
I’ll try to issue subsidies for local governments for the agriculture. The government will take the crops directly and if any loss happens the government will take its responsibility. As the 65%of India’s agriculture is concentrated on north India, we will try to make each state to make its own food. It’s too difficult, so we will issue subsidies. This will help in the economic growth of farmers.
*we will try to establish solar farming , as it’s a great source of energy, a project to interlink rivers.
* Establish a good pension plans for farmers.
*Make agriculture as a career
As kalam’s vision we will try to make more facities to all fields.
*Make more roadways, railway lines.Road ways connecting metros and towns. Make job security to all the people above 21 years. As the 70 percent of Indians are of below 30 rupees daily wage, we’ll try to give them good salary.
*As the nation’s life lies on the villages I’ll try to develop the villages along with the development of cities.
*Try to reduce the frequent price hikes. For that in case of food the food processing will be done with help of local government.
* To reduce sudden and frequent petroleum products price hikes the government will first increase the price to a little. So that we can control frequent price hikes.
*Try to make methods that people don’t spit or pass urine in the roads. Make enough toilets in cities (between in 500 meters ) and make bins to spit. Make law to pay fine if necessary.
Development of a nation doesn’t means building of multiplexes or building giant buildings. Development has to be started from the lower level of society.
*Make the education up to 12th standard compulsory.
*Make more colleges and try to give job. Make laws to check colleges offering professional courses help in job assistance or not.
*Give free food to all who needed in government schools.
*Make digital classrooms in all schools that they can make use edusat to the maximum. Makes broadband network to all schools.
*Makes internet connectivity of all schools in a state.
*Compulsory Cultural studies (about ancient Indian civilization)in all schools
*Introduce national level scholarships for all.
*Make higher education to all who are eligible.
*Ban reservations in colleges, and schools in basis of caste and religion.
New reservation will introduce (in terms of economic background like APL. BPL).
Change the primary health centers in all villages to small hospitals.
Ensure insurance to all who comes to government hospitals (for BPL).
Free medicines to all who below poverty line.
Reduce the price of emergency medicines by reducing the taxes.
6.Information and Communication Technology(ICT):
ICT can be used for tele-education, tele-medicine and e-governance to promote education in remote areas, healthcare and also transparency in the administration. People can ask the doubts about any thing by RTI (Right to Information). These technologies must reach villages, every where in India. Technology should reach people beyond territories Make broadband and other technologies in villages. Develop technologies to stop hacking and other cyber crimes.
Make technologies that can predict disasters like tsunami, earthquake etc…
Make 24/7 helpline for disasters. Make seawalls to prevent another technology
Make those technologies help in public administration also.
Make the India to develop more defence technologies, more space technologies, nuclear technologies. India should be a god military power as well as economic power.
The one of the good business sectors in India. Make the programs like Incredible !ndia to promote tourism. Preserve historical places.
Introduce programs like green !ndia for environmental protection and to control climate changes. Plants trees in the sides of roads. Make gardens in all cities.
More than that we will improve the living conditions for the women. As our epic says “ where women is worshipped, there Lord Rama is also worshipped”.
I am sure that by 2020 we will reach the top of the world.
11 more years!!
Work hard… make India shine.